What are Supplemental Educational Services?

Supplemental services are additional academic instruction designed to increase the academic achievement of students in schools that are in need of improvement. These services may include academic assistance such as tutoring, remediation and other educational interventions, provided that such approaches are consistent with the content and instruction used by the local education agency (LEA) and are aligned with the State's academic standards. Supplemental Educational Services must be provided outside the regular school day. Supplemental Educational Services must be high quality, research-based and specifically designed to increase student academic achievement.

What is the purpose of Supplemental Educational Services?

A Title I school is one that has not made adequate yearly progress (AYP) in increasing student academic achievement for three years. Parents of eligible students, attending a Title I school, will be provided with opportunities to assist their child in performing at a higher level. Supplemental Educational Services are a component of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESES), as reauthorized by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) that provides extra academic assistance for eligible students. A student from a low-income family, attending a Title I school that is in their second year of school improvement (has not made AYP in 3 or more years), in corrective action, or in restructuring status, is eligible to receive these services.

A state Educational Agency (SEA) is required to identify organizations, both public and private, that are qualified to provide these services. The Local Educational Agency (LEA) then notifies parents of eligible students that Supplemental Educational Services will be made available. Parents are able to select any approved provider that they think will best meet their child's needs in the area served by the LEA, or within a reasonable distance. The LEA (usually a school district) will sign an agreement with the provider that was selected by the parent. The provider will then provide services to the child and report the child's progress to the parents and the LEA.

The goal is to ensure these students increase their academic achievement in reading/language arts and math. This component of Title I offer parents choices in addressing their child's educational needs and offer students the extra help they deserve.

Who is eligible for SES?

Eligible students are from low-income families and attend a Title I school that is in its second year of school improvement, in corrective action or in restructuring. Eligibility is not dependent on whether the student is a member of a subgroup that caused the school to not make AYP or whether the student is in a grade that takes the statewide assessments.

If the funds are insufficient to provide SES to each student whose parents request these services, the LEA must give priority to providing services to the lowest achieving students.

When must districts make SES available?

LEAs must make SES available for the year following the school district's three years of not making AYP. A school is no longer identified for improvement, corrective action or restructuring if it has made AYP for two consecutive years.

A school must continue offering SES to its eligible students until the school is no longer identified for school improvement, corrective action or restructuring. A school is no longer identified for improvement, corrective action or restructuring if it has made AYP for two consecutive years.

What other educational options are available to students and parents under NCLB?

There are several options in the ESEA as amended by NCLB. Two options address educational issues and one addresses the issue of student safety.

Students identified for improvement while attending a Title I school are given the option of (1) transferring to another public school, or (2) receiving supplemental educational services, depending on the eligibility of the student and the status of the school. The choice to transfer to another public school is available to all students enrolled in a Title I school that is in its first year of school improvement status and for the subsequent years that the school remains identified for improvement. The provision of supplemental educational services is available to students from low-income families who are enrolled in Title I schools in the second year of school improvement and for subsequent year. These options continue until the school has made AYP for two consecutive years. In circumstances where choices are not available, LEAs are encouraged to consider offering supplemental educational services during the first year of school improvement. When both options are available, parents have the choice of which option they would prefer.

Another educational choice exists with children in schools that have been identified as persistently dangerous, or when a child has been the victim of a violent crime on school property. Such students have the option to transfer to a different, safer public school. States must identify schools that are persistently dangerous in time for LEAs to notify parents and students at least 14 days prior to the start of the school year in which the school was identified.

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Click here to view the Arkansas Supplemental Educational Provider Annual Report